Independence of the Republic of Macedonia
Independence of the Republic of Macedonia
mafisKumA With the disintegration of Yugoslavia in the early 1990's, the Republic of Macedonia saw its chance to finally achieve its independence. A referendum was held on September 8, 1991 with an overwhelming majority choosing independence. Recognition came swiftly from Russia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia among others but the majority of the international community stalled because of pressure from Greece. This country, as a member of the United Nations, European Union, and NATO blocked recognition of Macedonia because it claims that the Macedonian name and flag, a sixteen-pointed sun dating back to Alexander the Great, belongs to Greece. Regardless, Macedonia was accepted as a full member-state in the United Nations, albeit with the awkward reference, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. However, the majority of countries and international organizations refer to this country under its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Greek propaganda is slowly losing its influence, the truth will come out. According to the European Community's Arbitration Commission (the Badinter Commission) on January 11, 1992: "The Republic of Macedonia fulfilled the conditions laid out by the guidelines on the Recognition of New States in Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union as well as by the Declaration on Yugoslavia adopted by the council of ministers of the European Community on 16 December 1991." Extract from the Constitution: Taking as the points of departure the historical, cultural, spiritual and statehood heritage of the Macedonian people and their struggle over centuries for national and social freedom as well as the creation of their own state, and particularly the traditions of statehood and legality of the Krushevo Republic and the historic decisions of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of the People's Liberation of Macedonia, together with the constitutional and legal continuity of the Macedonian state as a sovereign republic within Federal Yugoslavia and freely manifested will of the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia in the referendum of September 8th, 1991, as well as the historical fact that Macedonia is established as a national state of the Macedonian people, in which full equality as citizens and permanent co-existence with the Macedonian people is provided for Albanians, Turks, Vlachs, Romanies and other nationalities living in the Republic of Macedonia. the establishment of the Republic of Macedonia as a sovereign and independent state, as well as a civil and democratic one; the establishment and consolidation of the rule of law as a fundamental system of government; the guaranteeing of human rights, citizens' freedoms and ethnic equality; the provision of peace and a common home for the Macedonian people with the nationalities living in the Republic of Macedonia; the provision of social justice, economic wellbeing and prosperity in the life of the individual and the community.
mafisKumA Important Dates in Macedonian History C. 653 B.C. King Perdiccas I establishes the Macedonian Kingdom. 359-336 B.C. Significant military and financial reforms carried out during the reign of Phillip II, determining the geographical, historical, and ethnic boundaries of Macedonia. 336-323 B.C. Reign of Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. Macedonia reaches the peak of its military power. He spreads Macedonian culture to the East. 215-205, 200-193, 171-167 B.C. Macedonian - Roman wars. Macedonia falls under Roman rule. A.D. 535 The Byzantine Emperor establishes the town of Justiniana Prima (in the vicinity of Skopje), an important church (archbishop's seat) and political centre in the Balkans. End of 6th and beginning of 7th centuries Slavs settle the territory of Macedonia. 855 The brothers Cyril and Methody create the first Slavonic alphabet. 886 Clement comes to Macedonia, spreads Christianity in the Slavonic language and founds the Ohrid Literary School. 969 The sons of komes Nicholas (David, Moses, Aaron, and Samuil) rebel against Bulgarian authority and establish the medieval Macedonian state, which in 997 becomes the Macedonian Empire. 1014 Battle of Mount Belasica. The army of the Macedonian Tsar Samuil is defeated by the Byzantines. 1018 The Macedonian Empire falls under Byzantine rule. 1040-1042 Insurrection against Byzantine authority led by Petar Deljan. 1072-1073 Gjorgji Vojteh's insurrection based in Macedonia. 1371 The Battle of Marica and penetration of the Turks into the Balkans. 1395 Macedonia falls under Turkish domination. King Marko dies in a battle near Rovin. 1564-1565 The Mariovo - Prilep Rebellion, the first known rebellion of the Macedonian peasants. 1689 The Karpos Uprising, insurrection of the Macedonian people against the Turks in the Kriva Palanka and Kumanovo regions. 1767 The Abolition of the Archbishopric of Ohrid by an irade of the Sultan under the pressure of the Greek Patriarchate of Constantinople. 1822 The Negus Uprising, insurrection of the Macedonians for liberation in the Aegean part of Macedonia. 1876 The Razlovci Uprising, insurrection in eastern Macedonia which heralded the national liberation struggle. 1878-1879 The Macedonian Kresna Uprising, insurrection which adopted a constitution known as The Rules of the Macedonian Uprising Committee. 1894 Establishment of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization. Gotse Delchev joins the Organization. 1902 Foundation of the Slavonic - Macedonian Scholarly Literary Society in St. Petersburg, Russia. 1903 The Ilinden Uprising and the ten days of the Krushevo Republic. 1909 Establishment and activity of the Popular Federal Party. 1912-13 The Balkan Wars and Macedonia's partition with the Peace Treaty of Bucharest. 1914-1918 The First World War. 1919 The Treaty of Versailles sanctions the partition of Macedonia. 1924 The May Manifesto, resolution of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia on the right of the Macedonian people to self- determination. 1925 The establishment of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (United). 1934 The Fourth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This passed a decision on the establishment of a national party in Macedonia. 1936 Establishment and ideational-political formation of the MANAPO (Macedonian National Movement). 1936 Foundation of the Macedonian Literary Society in Sofia by outstanding Macedonian writers. 1940 The Fifth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This passed a resolution on the equality and self- determination of the Macedonian people. 1939-1945 The Second World War. 1941-1944 Macedonia's participation in the Second World War (National Liberation War of Macedonia). 1944 Proclomation of the Macedonian state. (August 2). 1945 Formation of the first government of the People's Republic of Macedonia (April 16). 1945 Adoption of the Macedonian alphabet. 1946 Start of university education in Macedonian (Faculty of Philosophy). 1946 Adoption of the first constitution of the People's Republic of Macedonia. 1967 Foundation of the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences. 1967 Proclomation of the autocephalous Macedonian Orthodox Church (Restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid). 1991 Referendum on a sovereign and independent state (September 8). 1991 Adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia (November 17). 1993 Macedonia is admitted to the United Nations. 1995 Macedonia becomes a member of the Council of Europe.
graf u are wrong, and WE MACEDONIANS are right. My view is that u have no idea. U have been brain washed. kick my ass No problem. But u should call some of your so call friends over to give you a hand cause it will be so I know how u bulgarians fight like old people
HanAvitohol Car Samuil was not "macedonian". There is not a single fact that suggest that he rebeled against the Bulgarians. Because he was Bulgarian, as well as his father and his whole kin. There is not a SINGLE battle between Bulgarians and "macedonians" in the human history, so...may I suggest they have never been two separate ethnicities?! Car Samuil claimed himself as a Bulgarian Car and all of the ancient chronists recognize him as one. Show me an ancient cript or a book or a respected historical source of some kind using the phrase "macedonian empire", please! About the battle of Belasica. After this tragic battle about 14 000 Bulgarian soldiers were captured and blinded. As a consequence, Emperor Vasilij was named "Bulgaro-ubiec", not "makedono-ubiec" or something of that kind. Is that enough?! If not, take a look at the old churches in Macedonia and tell me who build them, though some of the names on their holly walls have been destroyed. Still, you should be able to find at least a few names of Bulgarian rulers.
HanAvitohol By the way, Bulgaria was the first country in the world to recognize Macedonia as an independant. Quite friendly don't you think?!
graf HanAvitohol can you please shut your Bulgaria cheese mouth
Originally posted by graf
HanAvitohol can you please shut your Bulgaria cheese mouth
I believe this is a forum, where people should discuss things. Prove me if I am wrong. If you want to tell me something in person, I will be extremely happy to kick your bloody ass all over the place...
Astrogirl Graf don't knock my beloved Bulgarian cheese, it deserves way more respect than you give it credit for[:p][;)]
HanAvitohol Thanks honey! Very kind of you. At least you recognise the existance of the Bulgarian cheese, because if we are all decendants of Alexander the Great, then I won't be surprised if you call that "macedonian" as well...Now I do feel good, at least something still bears the name "Bulgarian" in this world... Poor Car Samuil, how do you feel now in your unrest grave, learning 10 centuries after you passed away that you are "macedonian"?! Is this the gratitude of your children for your last desparate fight against Vasilij Bulgaro-ubiec?! Yes,apperantly it is...But, please forgive them, becasue they do not know what they are doing, they've simply been brainwashed by the Serbian Communists who ruled them in the past 50 years...sad but true